If you are asking this question, you probably got a bug on your bed! So which bug is this and what do a bed bug look like? You will find some photos of bed bugs and the main physical properties of bed bugs in this post.
But if you want to learn the basic physical properties of bed bugs, here they are:
Small (3 to 5 millimeters)
Have no wings
Can bed bugs jump?
If you see a bug jumping around, it’s not a bed bug. Because bed bugs can’t jump, they can just crawl rapidly like spiders.
They can crawl over the walls, beds, pics or furniture. So if what you see is a bed bug, it should be moving and climbing very fast.
Where bed bugs hide
There is not a certain answer for this question. But they usually live in the holes, cracks, under the carpet, dark places near the bed, clothes and other places where they can hide.
Here are some basic hiding areas of bed bugs:
Behind the headboards
Behind window and door casings
In loosened wallpapers
In cracks on floor
Piles of books
Clutter near sleeping areas
How bed bugs feed
Main food source of bed bugs is mammalians. They are blood-fed and bats, dogs, cats and people are their foods. They feed by bloods of their hunt.
But if a bed bug can’t feed, so it doesn’t just die quickly. Some researches show that bed bugs survive without feeding almost for 2 years.
Bed bugs normally feed once a week, but this will depend on how much they fed. After feeding, they go back to their hiding areas rapidly.
They usually feed at night or early morning. They rarely appear around at daylight. Their favorite feeding sources are:
What insects are bed bugs mistaken for?
There live a lot of insects in a house. However, we can’t see them often, they keep travelling around. Those insects are usually mistaken for bed bugs:
Here are some photos for other insects look like bed bugs:
Color of bed bugs
As I said above, they are brownish. But when they feed recently, their color changes a little bit. Bed bugs which have had recently are rounder, longer and darker.
A bed bug which has recently fed a lot can become even bright red, because of the color of the blood that it’s feed.
If bed bugs haven’t fed for a long time, they start to turn into yellow.
How long do they feed?
It depends on how hungry they are. But usually a bed bugs feed on a human for about 10 to 15 minutes and when they are done, they just go back to hide.
Bed bug eggs
Bed bugs multiply quickly which means after a bed bug infestation, you can see their eggs everywhere in the house. An adult female bed bug lay 2 to 5 eggs per a day which means 200 to 500 eggs for its lifetime.
Bed bug eggs are glued to every surface including the walls, cracks or beds. So, it’s really hard to remove them. If you have doubt about which insect left those eggs, so you can check it by measuring their stickiness.
Can bed bugs be seen with naked eye?
Answer to this question is yes for adult ones. Adult bed bugs are about an apple seed size. So you can see them around with naked eye.
Baby bed bugs can’t be seen with naked eyes for every situation. But it’s harder to see them when they are in the first stages of their growth. Baby bed bugs can be 5 times smaller than the adults.
It’s almost impossible to see baby bed bugs when they just hatch out of the egg if they do not move or recently fed.
How do bed bugs spread?
After locating in a house, it’s so easy to spread around for bed bugs. They first need hiding areas like cracks, holes or furniture which they can find easily.
After finding hiding areas, they start spreading by spawning. An adult female bed bug can lay 2 to 5 eggs per a day, so after only a few months, you can have hundreds of baby bed bugs at your home.
Other than this, bed bugs are resistant to hunger and they can live for several months. When spawning speed and their resistance come together, it’s not difficult to see how they spread quickly.