WHAT ARE BED BUGS?
Bed bugs are parasites that feed on blood. They feed only on blood and unfortunately, their main food source is human.
Physical features of bed bugs are below:
- They are flat and oval-shaped
- Half-winged (so little useless wings so, no wings at all)
- Reddish brown colored (More reddish after recently fed)
WHAT DO BED BUGS LOOK LIKE?
They are not microscopic creatures so, you can see them with naked eye. What you have to know about bed bugs firstly is they can’t fly or jump which means that if you see an insect flying or jumping, you can eliminate bed bug option easily.
BED BUG EGGS
Here is a video showing bed bug eggs:
Bed bugs aren’t mammalians which means they multiply by laying. Bed bug eggs can be differentiated from other bug eggs with their shapes and appearances on the floor.
Bed bug eggs are yellow white, they stand together and glued to the surface, mostly in cracks. The most distinguishing feature of those eggs from the other bug eggs is “glue”.
Other places where bed bugs lay their eggs are:
- Behind walls
- Inside clothes
- Behind wall papers
- Other places near to their food source
BEG BUGS MALE/FEMALE RATIO
This is important because reproducing activity of beg bugs depend on the number of females. After laying their eggs, the number of female and male eggs hatching is almost the same: 1:1 ratio.
Success hatching ratio of a female is usually more than 95 percent.
HOW FAST BED BUGS SPREAD?
Laying ability of a female adult bed bug depends on how much it feeds. So, more blood they can have, more eggs they will produce.
After a female bed bugs feeds enough once, she will produce 1 to 7 eggs per a day for next 10 days.
Eggs will hatch in 7 to 10 days if the air condition is suitable for them, otherwise hatching time can take up to 30 days.
So, a female bed bug can hatch 100 to 500 eggs in her lifetime which means they will reproduce rapidly and if no action is taken, the invasion will be inevitable.
HOW FAST BED BUGS GROW?
After hatching, new born bed bug will have 2 more life stages. First will be nymph and this stage has 5 instars in it.
They will need a month in average to become an adult which has a body size more than 5 mm.
HOW LONG BED BUGS SURVIVE WITHOUT FEEDING
The main reason what makes bag bugs invasive is their resistance to hunger. They can survive without feeding at least for months, nevertheless it was observed that they can live without feeding for more than a year in some cases.
IDEAL TEMPERATURE FOR BED BUGS
Ideal environment for bed bugs is where the temperature is between 65° and 85°. So, their activity will reduce below 65° and above 85°.
WHAT PREVENTS BED BUGS FROM REPRODUCING?
Under these conditions, their reproducing speed gets slower or ends:
- If they can’t feed enough
- If they are not close to their food sources
- If the environment temperature is not between 65° and 85°.
What you must know about bed bugs reproduce are:
- They usually start mating after 1 month they hatched.
- They multiply by laying.
- Their eggs are glued and in group.
- Hatching success for the eggs is more than 95 percent.
- An adult female can lay 100 to 500 eggs during her lifetime.
- They are more reproductive during ideal condition: When the feed enough and it’s 65° and 85° around.
- If no action is taken on time, you must face a bed bug invasion.